Data Center Systems

The New Control System Frontier:
The Data Center

data center

Data Center installations house many dedicated servers under one roof. The Proprietor of the building has complex controllers that monitor and drive all environmental controls.

Power and Efficiency PUE

If you are a data center owner, you will see large advances in your professional practice very soon. That’s because a rapid evolution has started in the electricity sector. This, in turn, will also have a significant impact on the buildings sector.

The Department of Energy will place regulation criteria on PUE of less that 1.5. PUE is Power Usage Efficiency and is a ratio of total building power divided by computing power. A high PUE will show inefficiencies in data center environmental control systems, cooling and lighting. As a service, Patriot Automation must take an leadership role in changes that will bring this new energy efficiency.

data center hvac
Typical Data Center Cooling Tower area with pumps

Server power must always continually monitor the hardware. All currents in all feeders, positions of all PDU cabinets, and general status must be recorded. A huge database known as DCIM contains all the data for lighting, power, HVAC, CRAC, CRAH, security and others. To the facilities manager of a data center, visibility of the real-time status of energy usage and cooling effectiveness is important. Also is the capability to manage capacity-related planning and what-if scenarios. Job One is to provide an environment that enables continuing, trouble-free operation. This must also be accompanied by a clear understanding of the impact of new projects on power and cooling resources

Data Centers have Evolved

When computers were first used, the specific needs of each application have dictated the size, capacity, and specific configuration. As businesses grow and the number of computing projects increases, their data center needs grow and evolve as well. Because challenges and opportunities differ from one business to another, the computing resources of each tend to evolve differently.

The data center is constantly changing because our concept of a data center is changing. Technicians add and remove equipment all the time. New equipment replaces the obsolete versions. New machines will be installed that are more cost effective. At times, data center change can be sweeping and disruptive. After years of changes plus employee turnover, nobody knows exactly what equipment exists. In other words, no one knows why or where it was installed. Accordingly, no one knows who owns it or even what it does. Old technology performs poorly and has a higher rate of failure. Zombie servers sit idle yet consume power, real estate, and unnecessary support expense.

Data centers that have grown haphazardly as requirements have shifted, therefore, they have often become massive structures that are difficult to support. Adding patches to fix problems accumulate over time. However, these fixes leave untouched the underlying structural and ongoing management problems.

Future Plans for Data Center (DCIM)

After about three years of development, Carbon Relay says it’s ready to help data center operators use artificial intelligence. This will optimize power consumption, reduce energy costs, and predict and prevent outages.

The new software will continually monitor cooling systems and other data center equipment. It will automatically adjust temperatures and other variables to improve energy efficiency and detect operational anomalies so to avoid downtime. The AI software works by leveraging advanced data science, deep reinforcement learning, and augmented intelligence. It can track and control 37 variables in HVAC and IT equipment. For example, variables include humidity, temperature, and the electrical load of CPUs, fans, and lights .

Unlike other software that requires six to 12 months of historical data, it can learn your data center 2 days. It accomplishes this by analyzing the facility’s blueprints and electrical layout diagrams. As a result, this technology can improve energy efficiency by 13 to 25 percent.

Temperature, humidity, and other variables can shift every few seconds; even a tiny bit. The software can automatically regulate the different variables so to get efficiency gains fast without human intervention.

We at Patriot Automation are eager to set this AI based software DCIM package for all our customers.

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